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Kann man Depressionen überwinden, indem man in neue Stimmungshöhen klettert? Eine brandneue Studie deutscher Forscher soll diese Frage beantworten. Hierzu wurden Probanden mit Depressionen per Zufall drei unterschiedlichen Gruppen zugeteilt:

1. BOULDERTHERAPIE

2. KOGNITIVE VERHALTENSTHERAPIE

3. SPORTPROGRAMM (ZU HAUSE)

Die Ergebnisse sind vielversprechend und könnten dazu führen, dass die herkömmlichen Behandlungsmethoden bei Depression in Zukunft durch weitere sportbasierte Interventionen wie Bouldern ergänzt werden…

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Studien (nur kleine Auswahl):

Babyak, M., Blumenthal, J. A., Herman, S., Khatri, P., Doraiswamy, M., Moore, K., … & Krishnan, K. R. (2000). Exercise treatment for major depression: maintenance of therapeutic benefit at 10 months. Psychosomatic medicine, 62(5), 633-638.

Blumenthal, J. A., Babyak, M. A., Doraiswamy, P. M., Watkins, L., Hoffman, B. M., Barbour, K. A., … & Sherwood, A. (2007). Exercise and pharmacotherapy in the treatment of major depressive disorder. Psychosomatic medicine, 69(7), 587.

Karg, N., Dorscht, L., Kornhuber, J., & Luttenberger, K. (2020). Bouldering psychotherapy is more effective in the treatment of depression than physical exercise alone: results of a multicentre randomised controlled intervention study. BMC psychiatry, 20(1), 1-13.

Kuyken, W., Warren, F. C., Taylor, R. S., Whalley, B., Crane, C., Bondolfi, G., … & Dalgleish, T. (2016). Efficacy of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy in prevention of depressive relapse: an individual patient data meta-analysis from randomized trials. JAMA psychiatry, 73(6), 565-574.

Luttenberger, K., Karg‐Hefner, N., Berking, M., Kind, L., Weiss, M., Kornhuber, J., & Dorscht, L. (2021). Bouldering psychotherapy is not inferior to cognitive behavioural therapy in the group treatment of depression: A randomized controlled trial. British Journal of Clinical Psychology.

Schwarz, L., Dorscht, L., Book, S., Stelzer, E. M., Kornhuber, J., & Luttenberger, K. (2019). Long-term effects of bouldering psychotherapy on depression: benefits can be maintained across a 12-month follow-up. Heliyon, 5(12), e02929.

Schwarzkopf, L., Dorscht, L., Kraus, L., & Luttenberger, K. (2021). Is bouldering-psychotherapy a cost-effective way to treat depression when compared to group cognitive behavioral therapy–results from a randomized controlled trial. BMC Health Services Research, 21(1), 1-13.

Schuch, F. B., Vancampfort, D., Richards, J., Rosenbaum, S., Ward, P. B., & Stubbs, B. (2016). Exercise as a treatment for depression: a meta-analysis adjusting for publication bias. Journal of psychiatric research, 77, 42-51.

Stelzer, E. M., Book, S., Graessel, E., Hofner, B., Kornhuber, J., & Luttenberger, K. (2018). Bouldering psychotherapy reduces depressive symptoms even when general physical activity is controlled for: A randomized controlled trial. Heliyon, 4(3), e00580.

Naturtherapie bei Angst und Depression_Eskil Burck